Note 18: Financial instruments

The Office's financial instruments are limited to cash and cash equivalents, receivables, and creditors and other payables. These activities expose the Office to low levels of financial instrument risks, including market risk, credit risk, and liquidity risk.

Market risk

Currency risk

Currency risk is the risk that the fair value or future cash flows of a financial instrument will fluctuate because of changes in foreign exchange rates.

The Office incurs a small portion of operating expenditure in foreign currency, and risk is minimised through prompt settlement. Recognised liabilities that are payable in a foreign currency were nil at balance date (2019: Nil).

Interest rate risk

Interest rate risk is the risk that the fair value of a financial instrument will fluctuate, or the cash flows from a financial instrument will fluctuate, due to changes in market interest rates.

The Office has no interest-bearing financial instruments and, accordingly, has no exposure to interest rate risk.

Credit risk

Credit risk is the risk that a third party will default on its obligation to the Office, causing the Office to incur a loss.

In the normal course of the Office's business, credit risk arises from receivables and deposits with banks.

The Office is permitted to deposit funds only with Westpac, a registered bank with high credit ratings. For its other financial instruments, the Office does not have significant concentrations of credit risk.

The Office's maximum credit exposure for each class of financial instrument is represented by the total carrying amount of cash and cash equivalents, and net receivables (see Notes 7 and 8).

There is no collateral held as security against these financial instruments, including those instruments that are overdue or impaired.

Liquidity risk

Liquidity risk is the risk that the Office will encounter difficulty raising liquid funds to meet commitments as they fall due.

In meeting its liquidity requirements, the Office closely monitors its forecast cash requirements with expected debtor receipts and cash draw-downs from the New Zealand Debt Management Office. The Office maintains a target level of available cash to meet liquidity requirements.

The Office's financial liabilities are outlined in Note 12: Payables and deferred revenue. These are all due to be settled on 30-day terms.

Categories of financial instruments

The carrying amounts of financial instruments are as follows:

Notes Actual
Loans and receivables
Cash and cash equivalents 7 5,077 5,209
Receivables 8 8,174 7,597
Total loans and receivables 13,251 12,806
Financial liabilities measured at amortised cost
Payables 7,830 5,883
Total creditors and other payables 12 7,830 5,883